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Future Issue: Nanotechnology

3 November 2008

�Nanotechnology is widely considered to be ‘the’ technology of the future with applications in – and implications for – a�wide range of fi elds such as, a.o, healthcare & medicine, material manufacturing, energy extraction and the conduct of�warfare. Global investment in nanotechnology-related R&D has surged over the years and currently stands at over $25�billion dollar. Yet, many uncertainties surround the role of ‘nanotech’ in the future. Will its impact be evolutionary or�revolutionary? Does nanotech harnass a threat to mankind – as some science-fi ction writers claim – or does it provide�solutions to problems faced by humanity across a variety of fi elds? The current Future Issue addresses these questions�and others while examining trends, exploring drivers and explaining how developments in nanotechnology may shape�the security environment of the future based on an in depth analysis of 59 foresight studies. The security implications of�nanotechnology are diverse. Breakthroughs in nanotechnology may herald the birth of a new generation of weaponry�rendering large parts of the existing stockpiles of conventional ‘old’ arms obsolete. While it is unclear whether this�will ignite an arms race between great and medium powers in the international system, it will defi nitely alter the levelplaying-�fi eld between those states that are able to reap the benefi ts of the nanotechnology revolution and those that are�not. Apart from nanotechnology’s impact on the geostrategic level, implementation of nanotechnology applications may�change the ways in which militaries plan for and fi ght wars and lead to a revolution in the tactics employed in military�operations. Terrorist actors will probably seek to use nanotechnology applications to commit deadlier attacks, but it�is likely that the capacity of homeland security departments to detect terrorist actions will be strengthened as well. In�sum, developments in nanotechnology will provide both threats and opportunities for governments and industry which�should be taken into account in long term strategic planning processes.

Experts on this report

Strategic Analyst

Tim Sweijs

Tim Sweijs is a Senior Strategist. He is the initiator, creator and author of numerous studies, methodologies, and tools for research projects in horizon scanning, conflict analysis, international and national security risk assessment, and capability development.

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