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Futures for Copper

6 June 2012

Currently, metals are at the heart of fierce competition worldwide. The growing populations in especially emerging economies put much stress on raw materials security. Among them is copper, which is a widely used metal with currently high prices. Besides the growth in demand from the emerging economies, the energy transition towards a more sustainable energy mix leads to this high price.

HCSS, together with the Delft University of Technology, decided to publish this report to give insight in possible dynamics of the copper price and strategies to counteract undesirable dynamics. Therefore, several plausible dynamic scenarios are presented for the copper price. These scenarios were generated by focusing on the structure and dynamics of the copper system under deep uncertainty. Further, suggestions are given for strategies to counteract undesirable dynamics, which were tested for robustness in all scenarios.

Experts on this report

Deputy Director, Market and Operations

Michel Rademaker

Michel Rademaker is a senior policy analyst and deputy director of HCSS. He has a degree in Transport and Logistics, obtained at the University of Tilburg.

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Strategic Analyst

Marjolein de Ridder

Marjolein de Ridder is a strategic analyst at HCSS. She holds a degree in Political Science from the University of Leuven and a Master’s degree in International Relations and Diplomacy from Leiden University and the Clingendael Institute.

Strategic Analyst

Willem Auping

Willem Auping is a strategic analyst at HCSS and external PhD candidate at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft). He holds a master’s degree (MSc) from the TU Delft faculty Technology, Policy, and Management, with a specialization in modeling, simulation, and gaming. Next to his work,


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This report can be found in these programs:


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