The global financial crisis has thrown the global economy into chaos and shattered confidence in the free-market ideology, its ruins visible everywhere: mighty financial institutions tumbled, real estate value plummeted, and stock markets plunged. Yet not only have banks and private corporations failed, but many states have also run into major economic and financial problems. From east to west and north to south, economic indicators show that states have been struggling to cope with the financial crisis and economic recession (see figures 1 & 2), with real GDP growth declining sharply, government debts soaring, currencies depreciating, and national reserves becoming depleted. The list of casualties includes both developed and developing countries.
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Marjolein de Ridder is a strategic analyst at HCSS. She holds a degree in Political Science from the University of Leuven and a Master’s degree in International Relations and Diplomacy from Leiden University and the Clingendael Institute.
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