From Assertiveness to Aggression

June 16th 2015 - 14:00

The report From Assertiveness to Aggression documents the transition from assertiveness to aggression throughout the year in Russia’s foreign and defense policy. It also introduces new datasets that are monitored in near-real-time. The analysis forms part of the Strategic Monitor 2015, commissioned by the Dutch ministries of Foreign Affairs, Defense and Security and Justice, entitled: The return of Ghosts hoped Past?

The report can be downloaded via the button on the right.


Frank Bekkers is Director of the Security Program. He is also theme leader of the Strategy and Change Program. He studied Applied Mathematics at the University of Amsterdam and spent most of his career at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), specializing in the area of Defence, Safety & Security. At TNO, he held a range of positions, including program manager, senior research scientist, group manager and account director. From 1996-1997, he worked as program manager for Call Media and Intelligent Networks for the telecom company KPN.

Stephan De Spiegeleire is senior scientist at HCSS. He has Master’s degrees from the Graduate Institute in Geneva and Columbia University in New York, as well as a C.Phil. degree in Political Science from UCLA. He worked for the RAND Corporation for nearly ten years, interrupted by stints at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik and the WEU’s Institute for Security Studies. Mr. De Spiegeleire started out as a Soviet specialist, but has since branched out into several fields of international security and defense policy.